What affects our Earth’s climate?

Geological records show that there have been a number of large variations in the Earth’s climate. These have been caused by many natural factors, including changes in the sun, emissions from volcanoes, variations in Earth’s orbit and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2).

What are the 3 factors that affect Earth’s climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

Which two factors have the greatest effect on climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

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What are the factors affecting climate and weather?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance to the ocean or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

What affects the Earth?

Earth is a dynamic planet, constantly undergoing change driven by internal and external forces. … On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

What are the 4 factors that cause climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the 6 major controls of the climate of the world?

There are six major controls of the climate of an area. These factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

How does Earth’s geography affect weather and climate?

Geography affects the weather in many ways. … Topographical features like mountains affect the weather mostly in the way that they direct air currents. For example, air is forced to rise over mountains. Moist air will cool as it rises, and then the clouds release the water, causing precipitation like rain or snow.

What are the different causes of climate change?

Causes for rising emissions

  • Burning coal, oil and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide.
  • Cutting down forests (deforestation). …
  • Increasing livestock farming. …
  • Fertilisers containing nitrogen produce nitrous oxide emissions.
  • Fluorinated gases are emitted from equipment and products that use these gases.
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How does temperature affect climate?

Higher temperatures mean that heat waves are likely to happen more often and last longer, too. … Warmer temperatures can also lead to a chain reaction of other changes around the world. That’s because increasing air temperature also affects the oceans, weather patterns, snow and ice, and plants and animals.

What are the 7 climate factors?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

What are the factors affecting the environment?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.