Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.
What factors affect prenatal growth?
Factors affecting fetal growth can be maternal, placental, or fetal. Maternal factors include maternal size, weight, weight for height, nutritional state, anemia, high environmental noise exposure, cigarette smoking, substance abuse, or uterine blood flow.
What are some 3 examples of environmental factors that can cause birth defects?
A Sampling of Environmental Agents Studied in Relation to Birth Defects
|Accutane3||Head, facial, cardiac, neurologic, thymus defects|
|Alcohol||Cardiac defects, oral clefts, fetal alcohol syndrome, cryptorchidism|
|Benzene||Cardiac, neural tube defects|
What are six environmental factors that could affect a baby’s health?
Various epidemiological studies have suggested associations between environmental exposures such as air pollution, environmental tobacco smoke, pesticides, solvents, metals, radiation, water contaminants (disinfection by-products, arsenic, and nitrates) and chemicals (persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Bisphenol A, …
How does the environment affect the baby’s development?
A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.
What are 4 environmental factors that can harm a fetus?
Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcome include smoking, video display terminals, anesthetic gases, antineoplastic drugs and exposure to lead, selenium and inorganic mercury.
What are the factors affecting growth and development?
10 Factors That Influence the Growth and Development of a Child
- Heredity. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. …
- Environment. …
- Sex. …
- Exercise and Health. …
- Hormones. …
- Nutrition. …
- Familial Influence. …
- Geographical Influences.
Which is an example of an environmental influence on development?
Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …
Why is it difficult to determine the prenatal effects of many environmental agents?
It is difficult to completely determine the effects of a particular illicit drug on a developing child because most mothers, who use, use more than one substance.
What are the 5 environmental factors?
Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.