What descriptions characterize climate?

The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time. Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography.

What are the characteristics of climate?

Climate features also include windiness, humidity, cloud cover, atmospheric pressure, and fogginess. Latitude plays a huge factor in determining climate. Landscape can also help define regional climate. A region’s elevation, proximity to the ocean or freshwater, and land-use patterns can all impact climate.

What are the 7 climate factors?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

What are 4 examples of climate?

There are approximately five main climate types on Earth:

  • Tropical.
  • Dry.
  • Temperate.
  • Continental.
  • Polar.
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What two factors are primarily used to describe climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas.

What are the characteristics of weather and climate?

Humidity, air temperature and pressure, wind speed and direction, cloud cover and type, and the amount and form of precipitation are all atmospheric characteristics of the momentary conditions we call weather.

What are the main characteristics of this climate zone?

A climate zone results from the climate conditions of an area: its temperature, humidity, amount and type of precipitation, and the season. A climate zone is reflected in a region’s natural vegetation.

What are the 5 elements of climate?

These elements are solar radiation, temperature, humidity, precipitation (type, frequency, and amount), atmospheric pressure, and wind (speed and direction).

What are the six elements of climate?

What are the elements of climate?

  • Temperature . Temperature is the amount of heat energy that is in the air. …
  • Precipitation. It is a process that ends with the fall of water, in liquid or solid form, to the earth’s surface. …
  • Humidity . …
  • Atmospheric pressure. …
  • Cloudiness. …
  • Wind. …
  • Solar radiation.

What are 3 factors that determine climate?

Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents.

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What is climate Slideshare?

Weather and climate CLIMATE Climate refers to the atmospheric conditions of a specific place over a considerable period of time, usually 30 or 35 years. WEATHER Weather refers to the conditions of the atmosphere at a specific place over a short period of time.

What is a type of climate?

The types of climates are: Tropical, Desert/dry, Temperate, Polar, Mediterranean. Polar climate (also called boreal climate), has long, usually very cold winters, and short summers. Temperate climates have four seasons. … Tropical climates have warm temperature and only two seasons; wet and dry.

How is climate determined?

Climate is determined by the long-term pattern of temperature and precipitation averages and extremes at a location. … Climate descriptions can refer to areas that are local, regional, or global in extent.

What is the basic difference between weather and climate?

Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. Different regions can have different climates.

What is characteristic of climate graphs?

A climate graph contains two pieces of information. The amount of rainfall and the temperature of an area. The temperature is shown as a line and the rainfall is displayed as bars. The figures are usually calculated as an average over a number of years.