Coral reefs provide important ecological and economic services. They help moderate atmospheric temperatures by removing CO2 from the atmosphere, and they act as natural barriers that protect 15% of the world’s coastlines from erosion caused by battering waves and storms.
What are some ecological or economic services provided by coral reefs?
Benefits of coral reef ecosystems
Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.
What is the ecological role of corals?
Providing shelter and spawning grounds to a wide range of ocean life, coral reefs serve an important role in the marine ecosystem. … Another role is protection from strong ocean currents and high waves. As the name “barrier reef” implies, reefs act as a barrier protecting the shorelines.
What is the economic impact of the coral reefs?
Coral reefs support jobs, tourism, and fisheries
From tourism to marine recreation and sport fishing, coral reefs play an important role in the economies of countries all around the world. By one estimate, coral reefs provide economic goods and services worth about $375 billion each year.
What ecosystem services do reefs provide?
Moreover, coral reefs supply a wide range of ecosystem services and goods, such as food provision, shoreline protection, erosion regulation, biogeochemical cycling, and tourism and recreation opportunities (Moberg and Folke, 1999, Principe et al., 2012).
What do coral reefs provide for marine life?
Coral reefs provide shelter for a wide variety of marine life, they provide humans with recreation, they are a valuable source of organisms for potential medicines, they create sand for beaches, and serve as a buffer for shorelines.
What role do coral reefs play in the health of the biosphere?
They: protect coastlines from the damaging effects of wave action and tropical storms. provide habitats and shelter for many marine organisms. are the source of nitrogen and other essential nutrients for marine food chains.
How many jobs do coral reefs provide?
Coastal and marine tourism represents a significant share of the industry and is an important component of the growing, sustainable Blue Economy, supporting more than 6.5 million jobs—second only to industrial fishing.
Why we should care about coral reefs?
Coral reefs provide medicine and jobs. People also receive food from the coral reefs and they need this food to survive. They also protect us from storms and large waves.” … “Coral reefs are very important because it is a habitat for many marine organisms.
What goods and services do coral reefs provide?
Coral reefs supportjobs, tourism, and fisheries.
Healthy coral reefs support commercial and subsistence fisheries as well as jobs and businesses through tourism and recreation. Approximately half of all federally managed fisheries depend on coral reefs and related habitats for a portion of their life cycles.
What are the economic impacts on the Great Barrier Reef?
The Great Barrier Reef has a economic, social and icon asset value of $56 billion. It supports 64,000 jobs and contributes $6.4 billion to the Australian economy. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth.
What are the economic services provided by marine ecosystems?
Marine ecosystem services
|• Fish harvests||• Recreation and tourism||• Carbon sequestration|
|• Wild plant and animal resources||• Transportation||• Bequest for future generations|
|• Raw materials||• Scientific and educational opportunities||• Religious significance|
|• Genetic material||• Flood control|
What are the 5 main ecosystem services of coral reefs?
We define it as five broad classes of ecosystem services: food production, coastal protection, water purification, carbon sequestration, tourism and recreation, as well as a range of non-use values (also known as “intrinsic value”).