The main influence on Britain’s climate which are important are latitude , altitude ,distance from the sea, ocean currents and the prevailing winds.
Why does the climate vary across the British Isles?
The variability of weather and climate in different regions of the British Isles is due to the different air masses that meet over the Isles. Each air mass brings with them different characteristics, as shown in the map below.
What type of climate does the British Isles have?
Britain has a mild climate. It is in the temperate climatic zone and the sea affects the weather. In general, this means that Britain gets cool, wet winters and warm, wet summers. The weather conditions are also very changeable.
How can the climate of the British Isles be characterized?
The UK has a temperate climate. In general, this means that Britain gets cool, wet winters and warm, wet summers. London, in the south-east of the UK, is a region characterised by a warm and dry climate in the summer and a cold and dry climate in the winter. …
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
How does the climate factor affect the climate of the United Kingdom?
The warm North Atlantic Drift significantly impacts the UK’s climate. It carries warm water from the South Atlantic to the western shores of the UK. The prevailing south-westerly winds then spread these warmer conditions, giving the western parts of the country mild winters.
What factor contributes to the warm wet climate in the British Isles?
The climatic conditions in the British Isles are largely related to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean acts as heat reservoir, storing warm water through the winter.
What causes the weather in the UK?
One of the main drivers of our weather is the temperature difference between the equator and the North Pole, which is in balance with the prevailing westerly winds. Cold European winters occur when the NAO is negative and the usual westerly winds weaken or even reverse.
How does latitude affect UK climate?
Climate Changes with Latitude. Places located at high latitudes (far from the equator) receive less sunlight than places at low latitudes (close to the equator). The amount of sunlight and the amount of precipitation affects the types of plants and animals that can live in a place. The UK is located at 50 degree north.
Which air mass affects the south west of the British Isles?
Tropical maritime (warm and moist air)
Air moves from the warm south Atlantic ocean and moves over the south west of the British Isles.
Why Britain has no climate only weather?
Britain is in the temperate climate zone and does not have extremes of temperature or rainfall. The Gulf Stream, a large Atlantic Ocean current of warm water from the Gulf of Mexico, keeps winters quite mild whilst during summertime, warm but not excessively hot temperatures are experienced.
How does wind affect climate?
Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere, as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore, a change in wind results in a change of weather. … Additionally, heat and pressure cause the wind to shift direction.
How does altitude affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
What factors affect climate?
There are lots of factors that influence our climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
- Prevailing global wind patterns. …
- Topography. …
- Effects of Geography. …
- Surface of the Earth. …
- Climate change over time.
What are the 4 factors that cause climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What affects the climate?
Our climate depends on how much of the Sun’s energy is retained in the land, sea and air. … Earth’s climate is moderated by a set of interacting cycles: the atmosphere, hydrosphere (liquid and vaporised water), cryosphere (frozen water), land surface and biosphere (living organisms).