What is Vulnerability. Vulnerability describes the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard. There are many aspects of vulnerability, arising from various physical, social, economic, and environmental factors.
What is the environmental vulnerability?
Environmental vulnerability is defined as a function of environmental exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. … In addition to physical conditions and natural disasters, non-physical aspects such as population also affect the existence of environmental vulnerability.
What are disaster vulnerabilities?
Vulnerability is the inability to resist a hazard or to respond when a disaster has occurred. For instance, people who live on plains are more vulnerable to floods than people who live higher up.
What is the effect of environmental vulnerability?
Health effects from pressures on the environment include biodiversity loss, ocean acidification, land degradation, and water scarcity.
What is disaster in environmental perspective?
Disaster: A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. A disaster is a function of the risk process.
What is disaster environmental vulnerability examples?
Example: Wetlands, such as the Caroni Swamp, are sensitive to increasing salinity from sea water, and pollution from stormwater runoff containing agricultural chemicals, eroded soils, etc.
What are the examples of disaster risk?
Examples include, but are not limited to; poor design and construction of buildings, inadequate protection of assets, lack of public information and awareness, high levels of poverty and education, limited official recognition of risks and preparedness measures, disregard for wise environmental management or weak …
What are the 4 main types of vulnerability in disaster?
Types of Vulnerabilities in Disaster Management
- Physical Vulnerability. …
- Economic Vulnerability. …
- Social Vulnerability. …
- Attitudinal Vulnerability.
What are the 4 main types of vulnerability?
The different types of vulnerability
In the table below four different types of vulnerability have been identified, Human-social, Physical, Economic and Environmental and their associated direct and indirect losses.
What is vulnerability and example?
Vulnerability is a weakness or some area where you are exposed or at risk. If you are running for political office and you don’t want anyone to find out about a scandal in your past, the scandal is an example of a vulnerability. noun.
What is risk and vulnerability?
Risk vs. threat vs. vulnerability. In a nutshell, risk is the potential for loss, damage or destruction of assets or data caused by a cyber threat. … And a vulnerability is a weakness in your infrastructure, networks or applications that potentially exposes you to threats.
What are the causes of vulnerability?
Other causes includes; lack of access to information and knowledge, lack of public awareness, limited access to political power and representation (political vulnerability), (Aysan,1993). When people are socially disadvantaged or lack political voice, their vulnerability is exacerbated further.
What are the factors affecting vulnerability?
Vulnerability relates to a number of factors, including:
- Physical factors. e.g. poor design and construction of buildings, unregulated land use planning, etc. …
- Social factors. …
- Economic factors. …
- Environmental factors.
How are people and environment is vulnerable to natural disasters?
Human vulnerability to natural hazards is further exacerbated by ongoing environmental degradation, high population densities in exposed areas, increased frequency of extreme weather events and lacking or ineffective government policies.
What is disaster and how it impact environment?
Disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerable situations. Natural hazards, such as. fires, floods, earthquakes and drought, are part of the natural cycles of the earth. When such hazards impact on vulnerable societies – whether it is an earthquake.
How does disaster affect human and environment?
Natural disasters cause destruction of property, loss of financial resources, and personal injury or illness. The loss of resources, security and access to shelter can lead to massive population migrations in lesser-developed countries.