What is the climate of northeast Africa?

Climatically, the area falls within the seasonal tropics, with seasonality controlled by movement of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone. Mean maximum temperatures are 30°C in the lowlands, falling to around 24°C in the higher areas. Mean minimum temperatures range from 18 to 21°C.

What is Northern East Africa?

Northeast Africa, or Northeastern Africa or Northern East Africa as it was known in the past, is a geographic regional term used to refer to the countries of Africa situated in and around the Red Sea.

Which country is northeast of Africa?

Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa.

How is the climate of Africa?

Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates. … Temperatures are about the same as those in the desert regions.

What is East Africa known for?

Politically, the region is famous for its hospitality to refugees and other politically dispossessed peoples. It was known for its involvement in the fight against apartheid in South Africa and for providing refugee facilities for freedom fighters from Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, and Angola.

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What is the environment and climate of Western Africa?

The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.

What continent lies northeast of Africa?

1. Africa is attached to Asia at its northeast Sinai corner by an Isthmus (Suez Canal) 70 kms wide. 2. Africa is the most centrally located of all the continents.

What is the capital of North Africa?

Key information

Countries and territories Area (2016) (km2) Capital
Algeria 2,381,740 Algiers
Egypt 1,001,450 Cairo
Libya 1,759,540 Tripoli
Morocco 446,550 (undisputed), ~710,881 (claimed) Rabat

What is North Africa known for?

Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.

What sea is northeast of Africa?

Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east and separates Europe from Africa.

What is the weather and climate in Africa?

North Africa has an arid desert climate, with high temperatures and very little precipitation (although temperatures in the mountains and the Sahara at nighttime can drop below freezing). … East Africa also has distinct dry and rainy seasons, while Southern Africa is generally more temperate.

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What is the weather in North Africa?

North Africa is very hot with a desert climate and not much rain at all. Although temperatures are generally very high, they can drop to below freezing in the mountains and the Sahara desert when nighttime comes. The climate of North Africa is dominated by the Sahara desert.

What are the climate regions in Africa?

Nov 30, · Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.

How does climate affect East Africa?

potentially devastating impacts of climate change in East Africa will be changes in the frequency, intensity, and predictability of precipitation. Changes in regional precipitation will ultimately affect water availability and may lead to decreased agricultural production and potentially widespread food shortages.

What is the geography of East Africa?

The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, which extends through the middle of the region from north to south. Associated with the rift valleys are vast savannas such as the Serengeti Plain, large lakes, high mountains, and the highlands of Ethiopia.

What makes East Africa unique?

Shaped by global plate tectonic forces that have created the East African Rift, East Africa is the site of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, the two tallest peaks in Africa. It also includes the world’s second largest freshwater lake, Lake Victoria, and the world’s second deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika.