What is the meaning of Himalayan ecosystem?

What ecosystem is the Himalayas?

Tropical and Sub-tropical Broadleaf Forests:

along a narrow strip of the outer Himalayan range are the Himalayan sub-tropical broadleaf forests. Here there is a wide range of plant life thanks to the areas varied topography, soil types, and rainfall levels.

What is the meaning of Himalaya in short answer?

The word “Himalaya” means House of Snow in Sanskrit, an old Indian language.

What is Himalayan biodiversity?

The entire region, spread over 3.95 lakh sq. km., is home to 280 species of mammals, 940 species of birds, 316 species of fishes, 200 species of reptiles and 80 species of amphibians. This put together accounts for 27.6% of the total vertebrate diversity of the country.

What plants are in the Himalayas?

Rhododendron plants grow on most mountains. Oak, laurel and chestnut trees are also found up to 7,000 feet above sea level. Pine trees are found up to 12,000 feet above sea level; above that point only lichens, grass and moss can be found, since it is so cold in the higher regions.

IMPORTANT:  What climatic conditions are required for the cultivation of tea?

Why are the Himalayas important?

Hint:Himalayas are very important to us as they save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia. They also prevent from the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and cause heavy rainfall in Northern India.

Why is it called Himalaya?

Since ancient times the vast glaciated heights have attracted the attention of the pilgrim mountaineers of India, who coined the Sanskrit name Himalaya—from hima (“snow”) and alaya (“abode”)—for that great mountain system.

Where are the Himalayas answer?

The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia. It has many of Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, the summit of Mount Everest. The mountain range passes through the countries of India, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Tibet and Nepal.

What is the other name of Himalayas?

The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges -the Shivalik hills, which comprise the foothills, the Lesser Himalayas called the Himachal, the Greater Himalayas known as the Himadri. The Great Himalayan range is also called Himadri.

What animals live in Himalayas?

Exotic Animals Found Exclusively in the Himalayas

  • Himalayan/Indian Black Bear.
  • Red Panda.
  • Himalayan Yak.
  • Himalayan Tahr.
  • Himalayan Marmot.
  • Himalayan Monal Pheasant.
  • Black Necked Tibetan Crane.
  • Musk Deer.

Why are the Himalayas endangered?

The conversion of forests for agriculture and exploitation for timber, fodder and fuelwood threaten the biodiversity in this region. Charcoal production in low elevation areas and intensive grazing at higher elevations also threatens forests. … It is common to see cows, water buffalo and goats grazing in forests.

IMPORTANT:  What was the Indian Board for wildlife constituted?

Is Himalaya in Pakistan?

The Himalayas, which have long been a physical and cultural divide between South and Central Asia, form the northern rampart of the subcontinent, and their western ranges occupy the entire northern end of Pakistan, extending about 200 miles (320 km) into the country.

What is the climate of Himalayan region?

The northern Himalayan region has an alpine climate with temperatures reaching below -30°C. The valley of Kathmandu has a pleasant climate with an average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 27°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.

What fruit grows in the Himalayas?

Farmers of Indian Himalayan region grow many fruit crops, including pomes (apple and pear) and stone fruits (peach, plum, apricot and cherry) in considerable quantity [7]; however apple has the preference over all other horticultural crops [8].

What are the primary consumers in the Himalayas?

Hare. The Hare, as a primary consumer, eats mushrooms and turnips (primary producers), and it is prey to hawks and leopards.