Introduction. The Mediterranean climate of North Africa is characterized by hot dry summers and seasonally restricted rainfall. The western region experiences a subhumid Mediterranean climate with mild, moist winters from October through March/April, and hot, dry summers from May through September.
Where is the Mediterranean climate in Africa?
It is generally accepted that the mediterranean climate occurs in southern and southwestern Australia, central Chile, coastal California, the Western Cape of South Africa and around the Mediterranean Basin.
What is a typical Mediterranean climate like?
Mediterranean climate, major climate type of the Köppen classification characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters and located between about 30° and 45° latitude north and south of the Equator and on the western sides of the continents.
What type of climate is most of Africa?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
Why is the Mediterranean climate like it is?
The cause of this climate is directly related to large bodies of water such as the Mediterranean Sea and ocean currents. During the summer, cold currents keep the climate mild and dry. … During the winter the water that was warmed up all summer moves in and keeps the land warm and often brings rain.
Which is a major feature of the Mediterranean climate?
The concept of Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild wet winters and warm to hot, dry summers and occur on the west side of continents between about 30° and 40° latitude. However, the presence of a relatively large mass of water is unique to the actual Mediterranean region.
Is Mediterranean climate temperate?
Under the Köppen classification, dry-summer climates (Csa, Csb) usually occur on the western sides of continents. … Under Holdridge life zones classification, the Mediterranean climates are either temperate or subtropical climates.
What places have Mediterranean climate?
Southern Spain, the south of France, Italy, Croatia’s Adriatic Coast, Greece, Turkey’s Mediterranean Coast, Lebanon, Israel, coastal Tunisia, and several islands of the Mediterranean Sea all boast a Mediterranean climate.
Is Mediterranean climate the best?
The Hot Mediterranean clime Csa is the most pleasant climate in the world. It is the climate of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. It is the climate of olive trees, citrus, pomegranates and figs. … The Csa climate usually occurs on the western sides of continents between the latitudes of 30° and 45°.
What is the climate of northern Africa?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
How many climate are there in Africa?
Based on the combination of temperature, precipitation and evapotranspiration, Africa canbe divided into four main climatic zones; 1) arid and semi-arid, 2) tropical, 3) equatorial, and 4) temperate  . …
What is the weather like in Africa and why?
North Africa has an arid desert climate, with high temperatures and very little precipitation (although temperatures in the mountains and the Sahara at nighttime can drop below freezing). … East Africa also has distinct dry and rainy seasons, while Southern Africa is generally more temperate.
What is the climate like in West Africa?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.
Does Africa have 4 seasons?
Many people think Africa is hot year-round, however spanning two hemispheres, Africa is a continent of extremes. Instead of Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring, most countries in East Africa and Southern Africa have a wet season(s) and a dry season. …
What are the five climate regions of Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert. A climate region is an area with similar temperature and rainfall.