What two ecological services do coral reefs provide?

For coral reefs, these ecosystem services include fish production, shoreline protection, and opportunities for tourism and recreation.

What are the ecological services of coral reefs?

Moreover, coral reefs supply a wide range of ecosystem services and goods, such as food provision, shoreline protection, erosion regulation, biogeochemical cycling, and tourism and recreation opportunities (Moberg and Folke, 1999, Principe et al., 2012).

What ecological and economic services do coral reefs provide?

Coral reefs provide important ecological and economic services. They help moderate atmospheric temperatures by removing CO2 from the atmosphere, and they act as natural barriers that protect 15% of the world’s coastlines from erosion caused by battering waves and storms.

What services do coral provide?

Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.

What are the 5 main ecosystem services of coral reefs?

We define it as five broad classes of ecosystem services: food production, coastal protection, water purification, carbon sequestration, tourism and recreation, as well as a range of non-use values (also known as “intrinsic value”).

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What ecosystem service do wetlands provide?

Some of these services, or functions, include protecting and improving water quality, providing fish and wildlife habitats, storing floodwaters and maintaining surface water flow during dry periods. These valuable functions are the result of the unique natural characteristics of wetlands.

What ecosystem services do oceans provide?

Ocean Ecosystem Goods and Services at Risk:

The ocean provides cultural services, including recreational; educational; aesthetic; and spiritual. The ocean supports economic activity, including jobs, fisheries, food, marine transportation, trade, fuel, and energy.

Why are coral reefs biologically valuable?

Coral reefs provide an important ecosystem for life underwater, protect coastal areas by reducing the power of waves hitting the coast, and provide a crucial source of income for millions of people. … Thousands of species can be found living on one reef.

What major ecological and economic services are provided by freshwater systems?

What major ecological and economic services do fresh-water systems provide? Economic- Food, drinking water, irrigation water, and hydroelectricity. Describe the three zones that a stream passes through as it flows from mountains to the sea.

What are supporting ecosystem services?

Providing living spaces for plants or animals and maintaining a diversity of plants and animals, are ‘supporting services’ and the basis of all ecosystems and their services. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries are influenced and influence all types of ecosystem services.

What services does the Great Barrier reef provide?

Regulating (protection of beaches and coastlines from storm surges and waves) Cultural (tourism and recreation) Supporting (nursery habitats)

What are 5 importance of coral reefs?

protect coastlines from the damaging effects of wave action and tropical storms. provide habitats and shelter for many marine organisms. are the source of nitrogen and other essential nutrients for marine food chains. assist in carbon and nitrogen fixing.

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How do coral reefs provide medicine?

Coral reef plants and animals are important sources of new medicines being developed to treat cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, viruses, and other diseases. Since corals are stationary animals, many have evolved chemical defenses to protect themselves from predators.

What are 4 ecosystem service functions that oceans provide?

Ecosystem Services

  • provisioning services such as seafood, transportation, and national defense;
  • regulating services that affect climate, floods, disease, wastes, and water quality;
  • cultural services that provide recreational, aesthetic, and spiritual benefits; and.