Alabama’s location on the planet, between 30 and 35 degrees north latitude, means that it receives an abundance of sunlight, more so than states farther north. Thus, Alabama’s ecosystems have a relatively high rate of biological productivity, the amount of all solar energy captured by plants in an ecosystem over time.
Why does Alabama have so much biodiversity?
Ebersole said Alabama’s large amount of freshwater lakes and rivers is the main reason for the state’s biodiversity and paleobiodiversity superiority. “We have 132,000 miles of inland waterways, which is No. 1 in the country,” Ebersole said. “60% of aquatic biota in North America is in the Tennessee Valley.
Why does Alabama have one of the highest freshwater biodiversity?
This river network and its surrounding forests represent the true cradle of American biodiversity. Because of the Mobile River basin, Alabama is home to more species of freshwater fish, mussels, snails, turtles and crawfish than any other state.
How biodiverse is Alabama?
Alabama now ranks fourth among US states for biodiversity.
Which state is the most biodiversity?
Four states in particular stand out as having exceptional levels of biodiversity as measured by these four factors: California, Hawaii, Texas, and Alabama. California California is a remarkable state biologically, ranking highly in each of these categories.
What are some of the reasons why Alabama has more diversity than most of the world?
Alabama has a high degree of geologic variation relative to most other southeastern states because of the many rock types uplifted by the rise of the Southern Appalachian Mountains during the final 170 million years of the Paleozoic Era (541-252 million years ago).
What is Alabama biome?
Deciduous forests can be found in the eastern half of North America, and the middle of Europe. There are many deciduous forests in Asia. The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.
How does Alabama rank among the states in terms of overall biodiversity of species?
This diversity is a product of Alabama’s warm, moist climate, its great geologic diversity, and its rich evolutionary past. With more than 4,533 documented species, Alabama ranks fifth among states in terms of overall species diversity, and is first among states east of the Mississippi River.
Does Alabama have a rain forest?
Every inch of the 33 million acres of Alabama is on the verge of becoming a rainforest. … That’s partly because Mobile is — literally — the rainiest city in the United States, with some 67 inches of rain a year. That’s almost twice as much rain as Seattle, and a little more than three times the rainfall of London.
What kind of habitat is Alabama?
Alabama is a state with many kinds of natural communities from forested mountains to wetlands and coastal beaches, dunes and swales of coastal scrub. Almost 70% of Alabama is covered in forest (almost 23 million acres).
What is the most biodiverse place on Earth?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Where is the most biodiverse place in the US?
- California. The richness of California’s flora makes it a biodiversity hotspot even in global comparisons. …
- Texas. Like in California, the species richness in Texas comes from the state’s sheer size and the variety of ecosystems present. …
- Arizona. …
- New Mexico. …
Which biome has the most biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
What wildlife is in Alabama?
Alabama has a wonderful diversity of animals. It has many of the common North American forest animals, including white-tail deer, opossums, shrews, rodents and foxes. The prairie areas are home to rabbits, snakes and armadillos. Its coastal waters teem with marine mammals, fish and whales.
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area, in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value, could be Cape Town, according to Thomas Elmqvist, editor of Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
What US state has the most animals?
As of July 2016, there were 1,353 federally protected animal species in the 50 states. California had the most animal species—122 animal species.