Ebersole said Alabama’s large amount of freshwater lakes and rivers is the main reason for the state’s biodiversity and paleobiodiversity superiority. “We have 132,000 miles of inland waterways, which is No. 1 in the country,” Ebersole said. “60% of aquatic biota in North America is in the Tennessee Valley.
Why is Alabama a hotspot for biodiversity?
Alabama’s location on the planet, between 30 and 35 degrees north latitude, means that it receives an abundance of sunlight, more so than states farther north. Thus, Alabama’s ecosystems have a relatively high rate of biological productivity, the amount of all solar energy captured by plants in an ecosystem over time.
Why does Alabama have one of the highest freshwater biodiversity?
This river network and its surrounding forests represent the true cradle of American biodiversity. Because of the Mobile River basin, Alabama is home to more species of freshwater fish, mussels, snails, turtles and crawfish than any other state.
What state has the highest biodiversity?
Four states in particular stand out as having exceptional levels of biodiversity as measured by these four factors: California, Hawaii, Texas, and Alabama. California California is a remarkable state biologically, ranking highly in each of these categories.
How does Alabama rank among the states in terms of overall biodiversity of species?
This diversity is a product of Alabama’s warm, moist climate, its great geologic diversity, and its rich evolutionary past. With more than 4,533 documented species, Alabama ranks fifth among states in terms of overall species diversity, and is first among states east of the Mississippi River.
Is Alabama the most biodiverse state?
A 2002 report by The Nature Conservancy ranked Alabama No. 5 behind California, Texas, Arizona and New Mexico, but Ebersole said deliberate research in recent years to catalog Alabama’s plant and animal species proves Alabama is the most biodiverse state.
How biodiverse is Alabama?
Alabama now ranks fourth among US states for biodiversity.
What is Alabama biome?
Deciduous forests can be found in the eastern half of North America, and the middle of Europe. There are many deciduous forests in Asia. The deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.
Where is the most biodiverse place in the US?
- California. The richness of California’s flora makes it a biodiversity hotspot even in global comparisons. …
- Texas. Like in California, the species richness in Texas comes from the state’s sheer size and the variety of ecosystems present. …
- Arizona. …
- New Mexico. …
What kind of habitat is Alabama?
Alabama is a state with many kinds of natural communities from forested mountains to wetlands and coastal beaches, dunes and swales of coastal scrub. Almost 70% of Alabama is covered in forest (almost 23 million acres).
Does Alabama have rainforest?
The Appalachian temperate rainforest is located in the southern Appalachian Mountains of the eastern U.S. About 351,500 square kilometers (135,000 square miles) of forest land is spread across eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia, western North Carolina, the tip of South Carolina, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, …
Which city has the highest biodiversity?
The world’s most biodiverse urban area, in raw numbers and with an understanding for its value, could be Cape Town, according to Thomas Elmqvist, editor of Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities and leader of the United Nation’s City and Biodiversity Outlook Project.
Where is biodiversity the greatest?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which state has the most species of mammals?
Wyoming has remained wilder than most other U.S. states. Its sagebrush plains, marshy wetlands, rocky foothills and alpine peaks are home to a wide array of bird and animal life, including several large mammal species long since driven out of most of the rest of the United States.
Which state has the most diversity of trees?
Maps of tree species richness of the U.S.
The most significant number of species of trees grows in the states of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Liberty County in Florida has the highest tree species richness (138 species) in the United States.
What is the most biodiverse river in the world?
The Yangtze River Basin has some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world—from towering mountains and dense forests to fertile wetlands and bustling waterways created by seasonal flooding. The area covers nearly 448 million acres, an area more than four times the size of California.