Why is species diversity decreasing in NZ?
In addition, climate change contributes to pressure on New Zealand’s indigenous biodiversity. Since the 1970s, decreases in population sizes of species have been largely caused by the significant impacts of introduced invasive alien species.
What caused biodiversity to decrease?
Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.
What are the 6 major causes of biodiversity loss?
Below, we discuss six of the major threats to biodiversity: climate change, habitat loss and degradation, pollution, invasive species, over-exploitation and epidemics. Learn how serious these threats are in contributing to the loss of biodiversity in our planet.
Why is biodiversity important in NZ?
In New Zealand, our biodiversity provides the cultural, regulating, provisioning, and supporting ecosystem services which underpin our prosperity. The specific diverse ecosystems in New Zealand form the basis for our value as a tourism destination, and our national icon in the kiwi.
What is decreasing biodiversity?
WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY LOSS. Biodiversity loss refers to the decline or disappearance of biological diversity, understood as the variety of living things that inhabit the planet, its different levels of biological organisation and their respective genetic variability, as well as the natural patterns present in ecosystems …
What is the biggest threat to the loss of biodiversity?
Habitat loss from exploitation of resources, agricultural conversion, and urbanization is the largest factor contributing to the loss of biodiversity. The consequent fragmentation of habitat results in small isolated patches of land that cannot maintain populations of species into the future.
What will happen if the biodiversity is destroyed?
Biodiversity loss affects economic systems and human society. … This lack of biodiversity among crops threatens food security, because varieties may be vulnerable to disease and pests, invasive species, and climate change.
What is an example of biodiversity loss?
An example of biodiversity loss was the extinction of over 200 species of cichlids in Lake Victoria; this was caused by the introduction of the Nile Perch as well as increased agriculture and fishing. Unlike the five previous mass extinctions, the current one is a result of detrimental human activities.
What threats are there to New Zealand’s biodiversity?
Today, invasive alien species remain an important threat to New Zealand’s biodiversity, but large-scale habitat destruction, through deforestation, wetland drainage and ecosystem degradation, represents as serious an issue.
Why is increasing biodiversity important?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. … A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
Why do we need biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.