Why is India among the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

Is the 12 mega biodiversity country in the world?

The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.

Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?

Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.

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Why India is called a mega biodiversity Centre how many hotspots are present in India?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.

What is the position of India in the mega biodiversity countries in the world?

India is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000 plant species, India occupies the tenth place in the wprld and fourth place in Asia in plant diversity. There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India which account for 6 per cent of the world’s total number of flowering plants.

Why India is a mega diverse nation?

India is known for its rich heritage of Biological diversity, having already documented over 91,000 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its 10 biogeographic regions. Nearly 6,500 native plants are still used prominently in indigenous healthcare systems.

Is India a mega diversity country?

India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).

Why is Indian biodiversity important?

Biodiversity in India, particularly, is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. … Various plant and animal species are considered sacred on account of their association with different deities.

Why is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered as a mega biodiversity hotspot?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

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How many hotspots are there in India name them?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

What is mega biodiversity India?

India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. These are concentrated in the floristically rich areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, North-West Himalayas and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. … These areas constitute two of the 18 hot spots identified in the world.

How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world and is being divided into?

“India is one of the 17 megadiversity countries of the world and is being divided into______biogeographical regions.” India is one of the twelve of the twelve megadiversity regions of the world with 8.1% of genetic resources of the world.

What are the 12 mega diversity countries of the world?

Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.