Why is Manipur called a biodiversity hotspot?

Imphal, August 31 2013 : Manipur is home to many plants, animals and microbial resources. … He added that the region is a site for gene diversity of many domestic crops and a secondary site place for several economically important plant and animal species.

What is biodiversity of Manipur?

Faunal Biodiversity

The faunal diversity of Manipur is documented in 2601 species belonging to various categories in 1261 genera, 368 families, of which 5 are new to science, 509 species are new records to the state and 28 are new records to the country.

Why India is called biodiversity hotspot?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

What is Manipur natural resources?

Mineral Resources

  • Limestone.
  • Evaporities.
  • Mineral water.
  • Chromite.
  • Ferrous alloy metals.
  • Asbestos.
  • Semi-precious stones.
  • Clay.

Which is the animal of Manipur?

Conservation of the sangai, the state animal of Manipur, has been the subject of concern and controversy. Despite being embedded in the cultural consciousness of the Manipuris, the dancing deer is now literally losing ground.

IMPORTANT:  Quick Answer: What is studied under environmental geography?

What do u mean by biodiversity hotspot?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

What defines a biodiversity hotspot?

To be classified as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must have lost at least 70 percent of its original natural vegetation, usually due to human activity. There are over 30 recognized biodiversity hotspots in the world. The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world’s most diverse hotspot.

What is a biodiversity hotspot name one such hotspots in India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

How many hotspots are there in India name them?

India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Who identifies biodiversity hotspots?

The concept of biodiversity hotspots was developed by the Norman Myers in 1988 when he identified that the tropical forest losing its plants species as well as habitat. IUCN prepares ‘Red Data Book’. There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots.

What biodiversity means?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What is natural vegetation of Manipur?

Vegetation of Manipur. Teak, Pine, Oak, Uningthou, Leihao, Bamboo, Cane, etc. are important forest resources growing in plenty. … The forests offer avenue of livelihood and employment to large section of the hill population.

IMPORTANT:  What does resilience mean in ecology?

What is the most important mineral resources of Manipur?

Sillimanite, nickel, petroleum.

Which mineral is found in Manipur?

Minerals of Manipur:

The GSI, Ministry of Mines and Minerals, Government of India conducted systematic geological mapping of Manipur and detected numbers of minerals such as limestone, chromite, nickel, copper, malachite, azurite and magnetite and various platinum group of elements (PGE).