Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
What is the climate close to the equator?
The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone, the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C. This is warmer than the average temperature of the warmest month in the polar zone.
Why is it hotter near the equator?
Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator. … Because the sun is always directly overhead at the equator.
What happens to the air at the equator?
Air rises at the equator, leading to low pressure and rainfall. When the air reaches the edge of the atmosphere, it cannot go any further and so it travels to the north and south. The air becomes colder and denser, and falls, creating high pressure and dry conditions at around 30° north and south of the equator.
What happens at the equator?
If you live on the equator you will experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world, taking a matter of minutes. These places also have a constant twelve hours of day and night throughout the year, while north or south of the equator day length increasingly varies with the seasons.
Why is the climate colder the further you get from the equator?
The sun shines directly at the equator, heating the atmosphere there and causing temperatures at the equator to be very warm. The further a location is from the equator, the less sunlight that location receives to heat the atmosphere and thus, the temperature is colder.
Is the climate near the equator hot and wet?
Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.
Is it hot or cold at the equator?
Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. Countries that are further North or South of the equator experience a change in seasons, when hot weather follows cold weather.
Does the equator have moist or dry air?
The rising air at the equator is replaced by low-level air from higher latitudes north and south of the equator. … Now the air is very dry and has the capacity to soak up much evaporation. Consequently, these latitudes are very arid with high evaporation and low rainfall.
What does Itcz mean?
The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ – pronounced “itch”) appears as a band of clouds consisting of showers, with occasional thunderstorms, that encircles the globe near the equator.
Is there more oxygen near the equator?
As a result of global warming, the oxygen content in the oceans has decreased globally by about 2% in the past 60 years. … The intensification of this major ocean current is associated with increasing oxygen concentrations in the equatorial Atlantic and an increase in the oxygen-rich layer near the surface.
What are 3 facts about the equator?
It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere. The Earth is widest at its Equator. The distance around the Earth at the Equator, its circumference, is 40,075 kilometers (24,901 miles).
Does it snow at the equator?
Because of the way that the earth is lined up relative to the sun, the areas along the equator get more sunlight. … So this makes places near the equator a lot warmer. It has to be pretty cold in order to get snow, so it generally doesn’t snow much there.
Why is the equator so important?
The equator is important as a reference point for navigation and geography. It’s an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two equal halves, and it forms the halfway point between the South Pole and the North Pole at 0 degrees latitude, according to National Geographic.